Gum Disease – a Common Dental Condition

Know the Signs

Gum Disease is the most common dental condition which effects everyone at some stage in their life.  It can affect one particular area or your whole mouth.

Gum Disease happens when plaque is allowed to build up in the mouth around the gum line.  Plaque contains millions of bacteria which irritates the gums making them sore and bleed.  Plaque is soft and can be removed easily by brushing correctly.  It is important to remove plaque quickly and effectively to prevent build up from happening.  If plaque is not removed it turns to Calculus, a hard substance that cannot be removed yourself by simple brushing and flossing.  Professional cleaning is needed.

What to look out for

It is important to see your dentist as soon as possible if you notice any of these signs, as if left could possibly progress to Periodontal Disease, a condition where losing teeth is probable.

  • Red, swollen gums
  • Soreness
  • Bleeding
  • Bad breath and/or bad taste

What is the treatment?

Treatment could be as easy as brushing your teeth correctly twice a day and flossing regularly.  The Dentist may recommend you see a Dental Hygienist so she can demonstrate on the correct brushing technique.  If needed she will also clean the area thoroughly removing any plaque or calculus.  Depending on the severity of the Gum Disease further cleaning appointments may be needed.  For more complex treatment a Periodontist (a dentist specialising in gums) may be needed to carry out the treatment.

Unfortunately some people are more prone to developing Gum Disease than others.  Therefore regular cleaning appointments with the Hygienist may be advised to ensure your Gums stay stable and healthy.

Regular examination appointments with the dentist will allow any problems to be detected early.  Depending on the health of your mouth the dentist may ask you to return yearly for your regular appointments.  Alternatively regular review appointments possibly every 3 months may be needed.

Signs your Gum Disease is progressing to Periodontal Disease

If you leave your gums untreated you risk losing your teeth.  Signs include:

  • several or severe gum abscesses
  • severe gum recession
  • painful, inflamed gums
  • bleeding gums
  • loose teeth
  • lost teeth

Periodontal Disease not only effects the gums, but the bone supporting the teeth.  The gums become so inflamed that they start to pull away from the teeth causing pockets which become infected.  This then starts to eat away at the bone holding the teeth in place.  The teeth then start to become loose and as more bone is eaten away the teeth has less bone supporting it, so then fall out.

This is not a condition you want to develop.  Your mouth constantly feels painful, eating is difficult and as you loose teeth and the bone resorbs, it could affect the shape of your face.  Once the condition has been stabilised, treatment to restore your mouth could be difficult as options are limited.

Everyone is entitled to good quality dental treatment, whether it is privately or NHS.  We can offer both.  Contact us to discuss your concerns or make an appointment 01268 733078 or visit